Limagrain researchers are improving plants to make them more resistant to insects and disease, more drought tolerant, and more suitable for industrial processes, as well as guaranteeing their nutritional qualities.
Plant improvement involves creating new varieties from existing plants (genetic resources1) by crossing them with plants chosen for their particular qualities, then selecting the best among them.
For nearly thirty years, the breeder’s range of tools has grown significantly thanks to the development of technologies, making it possible to automate field and laboratory operations and increase plant characterization abilities.
Thanks to increasingly sophisticated computer models, the combination of genotyping2 and phenotyping3 is improving the ability to identify the best plants coming from the mixing of genetic resources.
As a supplement to traditional breeding, transgenesis4 allows for a better understanding of the functioning of the living world and for conceiving innovative solutions, by providing plants with particular traits (transgenic varieties).
1.Genetic resources: genes from an individual, population or species.
2.Genotyping: characterization of genomes, genetic resources and varieties. Genome: ensemble of genes and genetic material characterizing a living organism.
3.Phenotyping: physical characterization of performance.
4.Transgenesis: technique enabling the introduction of one or several new genes into an organism.
• Resistance to biotic stress:
• Resistance to abiotic stress:
• Food functionality:
Bakery and pastry products
• Non-food functionality:
for production + patronage dividends
• Look, taste and flavor
• Nutritional value