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Using a body of knowledge to improve agricultural production
Limagrain researchers are improving plants so that they can defend themselves against insects and disease, become more drought tolerant, and be more suitable for industrial processes, as well as guaranteeing their nutritional qualities. .
Plant improvement involves creating new varieties from existing plants by crossing them with plants chosen for their particular qualities, then selecting the best among them.
For nearly thirty years, the breeder’s range of tools has grown significantly thanks to the development of technologies, making it possible to automate field and laboratory operations and increase plant characterization abilities.
Thanks to increasingly sophisticated computer models, the combination of genotyping1 and phenotyping2 is improving the ability to identify the best plants coming from the mixing of genetic resources.
In countries where it is authorized, and as a supplement to traditional breeding, transgenesis3 allows for a better understanding of the functioning of the living world and for conceiving innovative solutions, by providing plants with particular traits (transgenic varieties).
1.Genotyping: characterization of genomes, genetic resources and varieties. Genome: ensemble of genes and genetic material characterizing a living organism.
2.Phenotyping: physical characterization of performance.
3.Transgenesis: technique enabling the introduction of one or several new genes into an organism.